I first saw a storm glass at a friends house. When I inquired about it she explained that the storm glass can predict the weather, but I wondered “Do storm glasses work?”, if so “How does a storm glass work?”. The storm
It is claimed to predict weather by measuring atmospheric pressure, but current research concludes that the storm glass is merely a weather-thermometer. Although, I don’t exactly agree with the testing protocols used in these.
Regardless, the mystical weather predicting storm glass to find that it has quite a rich history and involvement with the Darwin Expedition. First we’ll start with the basics, then go into history, and finally review scientific studies about the storm glass.
Storm Glass Basics
What is a storm glass? Well, it is a sealed glass tube with a mixture of the following components: potassium nitrate (NH4Cl), ammonium chloride (KNO3), water, ethanol (vodka), and most importantly natural camphor. These compounds form crystals based on environmental changes, such as temperature.
You can make one, but they’re pretty cheap to buy. Here is an Amazon affiliate link to my favorite storm glass
Storm Glass History
One of the storm glasses famous debuts was it’s mention in the novel Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne as he described the instruments hanging on Captain Nemo’s wall.
“the storm-glass, the contents of which, by decomposing, announce the approach of tempests” – Twenty Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne
Although FitzRoy Admiral is often associated with the storm glass, he did not invent it. FitzRoy was responsible for the rise after the a huge storm hit the British Isles leading to the mass distribution of “FitzRoys Storm Barometers” by the Royal British Court.
Mysteriously, the inventor of the storm glass is still unknown!
Fitzroy Admiral claimed that in the early 1800’s some Italian guy, Malcredi, popped by the British Kingdom with some of these weather predicting glasses claiming the contents changed based on the weather, especially wind direction. Being a curious cat, FitzRoy had to have a couple and became the biggest storm glass fan girl.
During the Darwin Expedition, FitzRoy Admiral observed and researched the how the storm glass predicted weather and compared it with other barometers, such as the Galileo Thermometer. This research is still used today to correlate the crystallization appearances to storm glass weather predictions. In FitzRoy’s observations he extrapolated that not only air (wind) pressure, but wind direction also affected the type of crystal formation!
“When the main air-currents meet, and turn towards the west, making easterly winds, stars are more or less numerous, and the liquid dull, or less clear. When, and while they combine by the west, making westerly wind, the liquid is clear, and the crystallisation well defined, without loose stars.” – The weather book.
How Accurate are Storm Glasses at Predicting Weather?
There have been multiple studies on the storm glass determining correlation between crystal formation and temperature or precipitation. These studies found that the crystal formation was correlated to temperature changes, but not verifiably correlated to precipitation. The storm glass has been concluded to be most useful as a weather-thermometer.
I reviewed these studies closely using my scientific training background I felt that many of the testing protocols used were too rigid to make conclusive results.
One simple based their results on crystal formation means rain and no crystals means no rain, which is ridiculous since the air and clouds carry different amounts of moisture but don’t always rain on you.
Many just heated and cooled the storm glass to determine its relationship with temperature, providing zero means to correlate with weather prediction. They also wrote off the difference in crystal formation when heated in a water bath vs the an incubator, assuming these differences were due to the rapidness of thermal equilibrium. An assumption that should have been tested.
Also, I haven’t found any that explored the correlation with wind and wind direction. Therefore, I’ll do an experiment on my own and report back promptly.
How to Read a Storm Glass?
Crystal Formation Correlated with Weather Prediction of Storm Glass
Clear liquid – bright and clear
Cloudy liquid – cloudy, possible precipitation
Small dots – humid or foggy (expected
Cloudy liquid with small stars – thunderstorms
Clear Liquid with small stars – snow is coming
Large flakes throughout liquid – overcast in temperate seasons or snowy in the winter.
Crystals at the bottom – frost.
Threads near the top – windy.
Get your Admiral Fitzroy Storm Glass today!
Whether you’re too broke or looking for a new yoga studio, this list will help you find some local SD yoga studios you can check out for a bargain!
There are two ways to restrict idea exploration and knowledge gain. This article was unknowingly written based on the cognitive dissonance theory.
What makes people smart? What makes people continue to gain intelligence? How can I continue to gain knowledge? As these thoughts subconsciously sat in the back of my head and I started pulling up some concepts on what I think has contributed to intelligence. I came to the conclusion it is awareness and avoidance of narrow-minded inhibitors as well as faithful open-mindedness. Read More
The Prefood (like Prelude but for food!)
Since Willy gets off work early and I don’t have a steady job, we have decided to start going on happy hour dates. It’s a great way to enjoy the ambience of a nice restaurant without a colossal bill to pay at the end, like I mentioned I don’t have a steady job. Last week we went to Herringbone, a charming lounge restaurant in the heart of La Jolla. If you’re not near San Diego, don’t worry it’s a small chain with locations in Las Vegas, NV; Santa Monica, CA; Waikiki, HI; and Los Cabos, MX.
We decided to go to Herringbone due to its close proximity to Museum of Contemporary Art, where admission is free every 3rd Thursday of the month from 5p-8p. Plus I was really craving Oysters and couldn’t pass on the $1 price! Unfortunately, the museum was closed due to renovations, but we did get to check out the delightful Contemporary Fine Arts Gallery down the road. I definitely recommend going to that gallery if you are in the area!
A bit ago I lost my menstrual cup and I let it go on for too long. So being a writer I wrote this short piece, that I think is hilarious. Most males may beg to differ, but all well… I honestly love that little scrap of silicon and there’s many reasons why! If you don’t feel like reading my ode just skip on down to why you should make the switch to a menstrual cup! Read More
There are three things that make stem cells different from all other cells. I will be covering those three characteristics in this post. I will get into more details in later posts depending the response I get from this one! I will also provide some additional.resources at the end that you may want to explore if this tickles your fancy.
I’d like to thank everyone reading this because growth is key, knowledge is power, and stem cells are an absolutely fascinating part of the cutting edge research going on today, therefore, it is totally worth your time to learn about them. Again thank you for wanting to improve yourself and I hope you can pass the knowledge on to others.
I have worked in stem cell research for about 3 years so most of this information will not be directly cited since they are things I learned throughout the years. Don’t worry you’re in good hands and I’ll make it easy to understand 🙂
I try my very best to be 100% honest now and I believe everyone should do the same because the neurological effects may be ruining you.
There was a time that I lied. I’d often lie about stupid things so I could feel accepted or for attention and definitely lied to my parents quite a bit growing up, I knew it was a bad habit but at the time I had some obvious issues with self acceptance.
I didn’t realize how crucial it was for me to stop this sort of behavior till I caught my lying ex boyfriend cheating on me.
A main problem with insecurities is that its not about everything. Most people will see you as confident and secure because for the most part you are. But your perception of certain things has been warped throughout these jaded years on earth have left you broken, not fully but cracked.
I’ve been practically single for nearly 4 years (besides a 3 month addendum last year) I mean don’t get me wrong I’ve been dating, oh man have I been dating, but my primary focus has been me and my fun, which I personally have enjoyed greatly. So much that I actually didn’t even see a relationship in my horizon any time soon. I saw guys at the events I frequently went to and occasionally someone would get lucky with me here and there but that was never my end goal on going out. I had finally mastered the art of going places alone or with friends and always having a fantastic time. And that was that.
I’m currently unemployed and have been since mid January, it is now mid May. I have 3 more months left of unemployment insurance and have decided to start buckling down on my applications (previously I have been just sending out applications willy nilly to any old job without any real rhyme or reason to the job choices just to collect my unemployment) but I felt I deserved a little break I’ve been working since I was 16 and overworking since I was 19. I haven’t had a break in over 6 years, I never had that ‘fun’ college experience, don’t get me wrong there were some fun times but for the majority of it I was overstressed, underfed, and constantly worried about whether I’d have enough money to pay rent. But thats not what I’m writing about… Of course I’m already avoiding talking about this daunting task.